History  of establishment of the Mission of the President of Ukraine in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea 

The history of establishment of the Mission of the President of Ukraine in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea dates back to the Declaration of the Ukrainian Independence in 1991 and constitutional government of the President of Ukraine, since restoration of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea as a part of Ukraine.

The Law of Ukraine No. 2167-XII “On the Representatives of the President of Ukraine” was approved on the 05th day of March, 1992. The Article 18 of the indicated law stipulates that the status of the Mission of the President of Ukraine in the Republic of Crimea is determined by a separate law.

On the 17th day of December, 1992 the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine adopted the Law of Ukraine No. 2875-XII “On the Mission of the President of Ukraine in the Republic of Crimea”. Historically, the date of its enactment is a date of establishment of the Mission.

On the 31st day of March, 1994 the Mission of the President of Ukraine was established in Crimea by the Decree of the President of Ukraine No. 119/94 and the Permanent Representative of the President of Ukraine was appointed. The structure and limiting number of staff of the Mission was determined by the Order of the President of Ukraine No. 119/94 d.d. the 12th day of May, 1994 (that have been changed several times over the years).

A current name of the Mission of the President of Ukraine in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea was introduced by the Decree of the President of Ukraine No. 100/96 d.d. the 31st day of January, 1996, its powers were extended and the Regulations “On the Mission” that had been implementing within the period prior to adoption of a new Constitution of Ukraine in 1996 was approved by this decree too.

In section X “Autonomous Republic of Crimea” of the Constitution of Ukraine dated of the year 1996 there was introduced a separate Article 139, according to which the Mission of the President of Ukraine, whose status is determined by a separate law, acts in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea. The Mission became the constitutional authority of Ukraine

The work of the Mission of the President of Ukraine as a state control authority under the Constitution and regulatory legal act of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, Constitution of Ukraine and laws of Ukraine are fixed in the part 4 of the Article 5 of the current Constitution of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea adopted on the 2nd session of the Verkhovna Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea on the 21st day of October, 1998 and approved the Law of Ukraine No. 350-XIV d.d. the 23rd day of December, 1998.

The position powers of the Permanent Representative of the President of Ukraine in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea related to the organization of local government in Crimea are fixed in the part 3 of the Article 37 of the current Constitution of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea of the year 1998.

Next changes in the status of the Mission were caused by the constitutional powers of the President of Ukraine as a head of state, guarantor of state sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine, observance of the Constitution and laws of Ukraine, human and civil rights and freedoms.

By order of the President of Ukraine No. 68/98-rp d.d. the 27th day of March, 1998, Department for Interethnic Relations was established in the office of the Mission. In pursuance of the Decree of the President of Ukraine No. 573/2000 d.d. the 07th day of April, 2000 the Secretariat of the Council of Representatives of the Crimean Tatar People as a form of recognition of the Mejlis of the Crimean Tatar People by Ukraine was established in the office of the Mission.

The current constitutional status of the Mission of the President of Ukraine in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea has been developed by a special Law of Ukraine No. 1524-III d.d. the 02nd day of March, 2000, as amended. According to its Article 4, the activity of the Mission is based on the principles of the rule of law, legality, transparency and combination of national and local interests

The Law of Ukraine No. 1524-III determines that the Mission is a state governmental authority established for the purpose of promoting implementation of powers conferred upon the President of Ukraine in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and is directly subordinate to him/her. This legal instrument determines the functions of the Mission.

According to the provisions of this law the Mission is headed by the Permanent Representative of the President of Ukraine in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea. The Permanent Representative and his/her deputies are appointed and dismissed by the President of Ukraine.

The main functions of the Mission are the following: representative, nominating, analytical, information and human rights functions that lied in promoting the observance of constitutional rights and freedoms of people and citizens and in achieving the interethnic harmony, social, economic and political stability in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea.

After the armed seizure of the Crimean peninsula by the aggressor State in February 2014, the activity of the Mission in the city of Simferopol were forced to cease, the management of the Mission left the occupied Autonomous